KUO Wei-Kuo was born in Taipei in 1960 and graduated from the Fine Arts Department of Chinese Culture University in 1984. In 2003 he received his Master of Fine Arts degree from Taipei National University of the Arts. He won the Freeman Foundation Asian Award in 2000, the Eighth LEE Chun-Shan Modern Painting Award in 2004 and the LIAO Chi-Chun Oil Painting Award in 2005. His work of the early 1990’s revolves around the use of metaphor on societal oppression. This can be seen in works such as: Luminescence and Tension (1993) and New Paradise (1994), where squirming glands, metal saw blades and cold and hard geometric frames appear in ice-cold foreboding landscapes. The surrounding chaos forms a discordant visual tension that seems to want to break through its confines, and an intense feeling of scattered violence oozes out from this anxious struggle.
It is obvious from his 1996 series Scenery of Desire in the Dark that the artist turned toward social themes in his paintings, and in this work he utilizes various elements from popular cultures in Taiwan. Through sexual subject matter and metaphors, he reveals decadence, excessive carnal desire and the corruption of morals in Taiwan’s contemporary society. From 1997 to 2005, he developed the series Diagram of Commotion and Desire where he utilized self portraits to examine his own identity. In this series he blended classical realism with surrealism techniques and utilized a large amount of symbols and metaphors to express his narcissism, and honestly analyze his psychological state as he entered middle age. His artworks after 2006 still feature his self-portraits as the visual text, but he also appropriates images from classical Chinese novels, Western mythology, scenes of masterpieces, and pop-culture products to extend the narrative of hisiconology. In the series Forbidden Wishes, which shares the same title with his exhibition in 2013, the “self” starts to hide from the image as if the artist were burying the regret of one’s broken desire behind the symbols of blessing and the festive images.
Red Ribbon is the early work in the Diagram of Commotion and Desire Series. At that time, the almost forty-year-old artist KUO Wei-Kuo used “himself” as the main character in the painting to reveal the self-consciousness buried deep inside one’s heart and to return to one’s true self. In spite of the courageous determination and attempt, the wandering eyes of the figure in the painting show his hesitation about whether he should stay or leave, revealing the artist’s uncertainty about the unknown future. The image is filled with emotions of loneliness, darkness, and insecurity. The broken red ribbon to be reconnected becomes a key image which is like the “self” being pieced together again as well as the evocation flag which helps to get rid of doubt and suspicion. It clearly shows that the artist has experienced a crucial moment to examine the values of one’s life and existence.
In the 1980s, KUO Wei-Kuo’s has been known for his sensitivity to objects’ inner essence by depicting the hidden anxiety, the obscure atmosphere of melancholy, and the disturbance of conflict in his works. After the lifting of Martial Law in 1987, the art society adopted a more active role to respond to the Taiwanese identity. Among them, KUO Wei-Kuo also created numerous works which suggested a deep desire to break away from the prison-like authoritative system. These works seem full of strong political statement, but they indeed show his ability to analyze human psychology with precision. In the late 1990s when the localization movement became less dominant, the art society returned to the exploration of “the essence of art.” Therefore, KUO Wei-Kuo also made some adjustment and began with the image of his own body. The self-portrait which is filled with the strong “inner experience” in Diagram of Commotion and Desire Series announces the artist’s new direction – the individual’s “consciousness scenery” – which features intensive self-breakthrough, self-criticism, and self-awareness. Since then, the staged body which contains the personal memories, emotions, experiences, and fantasies has become the object reflecting the psychological space of the performance. By revealing various desires buried in the bottom of one’s consciousness, the artist creates a pacifying space of purification to comfort the unsatisfied self and to search for salvation/liberation in our real life.
|English title：||Red Ribbon|
|Medium / Classification：||Oil paints and Acrylic colors|
|Collection Unit：||Private collection|
|Contact method for authorization：||
|Related Exhibition：||"The Pioneers" of Taiwanese Artists, 1951-1960|